笔录

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VPS使用rclone挂载Google Drive / OneDrive / Dropbox等网盘

说明

本教程只适用Debian/ Ubuntu系统,你如果的英文CentOS或者其它Linux系统,请使用以下命令安装rclone:

curl https://rclone.org/install.sh | sudo bash

安装rclone

Debian/Ubuntu
wget https://www.moerats.com/usr/shell/rclone_debian.sh && bash rclone_debian.sh

开始配置

rclone config

详细配置过程

n) New remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
n/s/q> n   #输入n回车,新建配置
name> GD   #新建配置的名称,随意填写,后面会用到
Type of storage to configure.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
 1 / 1Fichier
   \ "fichier"
 2 / Alias for an existing remote
   \ "alias"
 3 / Amazon Drive
   \ "amazon cloud drive"
 4 / Amazon S3 Compliant Storage Provider (AWS, Alibaba, Ceph, Digital Ocean, Dreamhost, IBM COS, Minio, etc)
   \ "s3"
 5 / Backblaze B2
   \ "b2"
 6 / Box
   \ "box"
 7 / Cache a remote
   \ "cache"
 8 / Dropbox
   \ "dropbox"
 9 / Encrypt/Decrypt a remote
   \ "crypt"
10 / FTP Connection
   \ "ftp"
11 / Google Cloud Storage (this is not Google Drive)
   \ "google cloud storage"
12 / Google Drive
   \ "drive"
13 / Google Photos
   \ "google photos"
14 / Hubic
   \ "hubic"
15 / JottaCloud
   \ "jottacloud"
16 / Koofr
   \ "koofr"
17 / Local Disk
   \ "local"
18 / Mega
   \ "mega"
19 / Microsoft Azure Blob Storage
   \ "azureblob"
20 / Microsoft OneDrive
   \ "onedrive"
21 / OpenDrive
   \ "opendrive"
22 / Openstack Swift (Rackspace Cloud Files, Memset Memstore, OVH)
   \ "swift"
23 / Pcloud
   \ "pcloud"
24 / Put.io
   \ "putio"
25 / QingCloud Object Storage
   \ "qingstor"
26 / SSH/SFTP Connection
   \ "sftp"
27 / Union merges the contents of several remotes
   \ "union"
28 / Webdav
   \ "webdav"
29 / Yandex Disk
   \ "yandex"
30 / http Connection
   \ "http"
31 / premiumize.me
   \ "premiumizeme"
Storage> 12       #选择需要挂载的网盘
** See help for drive backend at: https://rclone.org/drive/ **

Google Application Client Id
Setting your own is recommended.
See https://rclone.org/drive/#making-your-own-client-id for how to create your own.
If you leave this blank, it will use an internal key which is low performance.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
client_id>        #默认直接回车,或者输入自己的OAuth ID
Google Application Client Secret
Setting your own is recommended.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
client_secret>    #默认直接回车,或者输入自己的OAuth秘锁
Scope that rclone should use when requesting access from drive.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
 1 / Full access all files, excluding Application Data Folder.
   \ "drive"
 2 / Read-only access to file metadata and file contents.
   \ "drive.readonly"
   / Access to files created by rclone only.
 3 | These are visible in the drive website.
   | File authorization is revoked when the user deauthorizes the app.
   \ "drive.file"
   / Allows read and write access to the Application Data folder.
 4 | This is not visible in the drive website.
   \ "drive.appfolder"
   / Allows read-only access to file metadata but
 5 | does not allow any access to read or download file content.
   \ "drive.metadata.readonly"
scope> 1          #默认输入1回车
ID of the root folder
Leave blank normally.
Fill in to access "Computers" folders. (see docs).
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
root_folder_id>  #默认直接回车
Service Account Credentials JSON file path 
Leave blank normally.
Needed only if you want use SA instead of interactive login.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
service_account_file> 
Edit advanced config? (y/n)
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> n           #是否编辑高级配置,输入n回车
Remote config
Use auto config?
 * Say Y if not sure
 * Say N if you are working on a remote or headless machine
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> n          #是否使用自动配置,输入n回车
If your browser doesn't open automatically go to the following link: https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/XXX
Log in and authorize rclone for access
Enter verification code> XXXX  #复制上面的链接在浏览器中打开,将得到的授权码复制到这里后回车
Configure this as a team drive?
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> y          #是否挂载团队网盘,如果没有输入n回车,需要挂载团队版输入y回车
Fetching team drive list...
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
 1 / SunPma
   \ "0ADYACmKjlU3JUk9PVA"
Enter a Team Drive ID> 1      #选择你需要挂载的团队盘然后回车
--------------------
[SUNPMAGD]
type = drive
scope = drive
token = {"access_token":"XXX","expiry":"2019-10-23T14:32:06.481207275+08:00"}
team_drive = 0ADYACmKjlU3JUk9PVA
--------------------
y) Yes this is OK
e) Edit this remote
d) Delete this remote
y/e/d> y       #默认输入y回车
Current remotes:

Name                 Type
====                 ====
SUNPMAGD             drive

e) Edit existing remote
n) New remote
d) Delete remote
r) Rename remote
c) Copy remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
e/n/d/r/c/s/q> q   #输入q回车,保存配置退出

新建本地挂载文件夹

mkdir /home/GD

挂载磁盘

说明
#/usr/bin/rclone mount DriveName:Folder LocalFolder \
下面整体代码中最上面的这条需要自己修改,不要直接复制,注意代码中有空格
DriveName       #配置时填写的name
Folder          #网盘里要挂载的文件夹名
LocalFolder     #本地要挂载的文件夹绝对路径
例:/usr/bin/rclone mount GD:VPS /home/GoogleDrive \

挂载

#下面代码是一个整体,全部复制后粘贴运行
/usr/bin/rclone mount DriveName:Folder LocalFolder \
 --umask 0000 \
 --default-permissions \
 --allow-non-empty \
 --allow-other \
 --transfers 1 \
 --buffer-size 64M \
 --low-level-retries 200

#如果你还涉及到读取使用,比如使用H5ai等在线播放,就在后面多加上以下三条参数
--dir-cache-time 12h
--vfs-read-chunk-size 32M
--vfs-read-chunk-size-limit 1G

参数说明

--transfers:该参数是最大同时传输任务数量,如果经常传输大文件,或CPU性能不佳,建议设置为单线程,也就是设置为“1”
--buffer-size:该参数为读取每个文件时的内存缓冲区大小,控制rclone上传和挂载的时候的内存占用
--low-level-retries:该参数为传输文件没速度的时候重试次数,没速度的时候,单个会自动睡眠10ms起,然后再重试

挂载成功后,输入df -h命令查看是否挂载成功;

3.png

卸载磁盘

fusermount -qzu LocalFolder

LocalFolder为本地挂载文件夹绝对路径

设置自启动

下载并编辑脚本

wget https://www.moerats.com/usr/shell/rcloned && nano rcloned

修改以下内容:

NAME=""  #rclone name名,及配置时输入的name
REMOTE=''  #远程文件夹,Google Drive网盘里的挂载的一个文件夹
LOCAL=''  #挂载地址,VPS本地挂载目录

设置自启

apt-get install sudo -y
mv rcloned /etc/init.d/rcloned
chmod +x /etc/init.d/rcloned
update-rc.d -f rcloned defaults
bash /etc/init.d/rcloned start

检测信息显示rclone在运行即可;

4.png

rclone命令

### 文件上传
rclone copy /home/backup gdrive:backup # 本地路径 配置名字:谷歌文件夹名字
### 文件下载
rclone copy gdrive:backup /home/backup
### 列表
rclone ls gdrive:backup
rclone lsl gdrive:backup # 比上面多一个显示上传时间
rclone lsd gdrive:backup # 只显示文件夹
### 新建文件夹
rclone mkdir gdrive:backup
### 挂载
rclone mount gdrive:mm /root/mm &
### 卸载
fusermount -u  /root/mm

#### 其他 ####
#### https://softlns.github.io/2016/11/28/rclone-guide/
rclone config - 以控制会话的形式添加rclone的配置,配置保存在.rclone.conf文件中。
rclone copy - 将文件从源复制到目的地址,跳过已复制完成的。
rclone sync - 将源数据同步到目的地址,只更新目的地址的数据。   –dry-run标志来检查要复制、删除的数据
rclone move - 将源数据移动到目的地址。
rclone delete - 删除指定路径下的文件内容。
rclone purge - 清空指定路径下所有文件数据。
rclone mkdir - 创建一个新目录。
rclone rmdir - 删除空目录。
rclone check - 检查源和目的地址数据是否匹配。
rclone ls - 列出指定路径下所有的文件以及文件大小和路径。
rclone lsd - 列出指定路径下所有的目录/容器/桶。
rclone lsl - 列出指定路径下所有文件以及修改时间、文件大小和路径。
rclone md5sum - 为指定路径下的所有文件产生一个md5sum文件。
rclone sha1sum - 为指定路径下的所有文件产生一个sha1sum文件。
rclone size - 获取指定路径下,文件内容的总大小。.
rclone version - 查看当前版本。
rclone cleanup - 清空remote。
rclone dedupe - 交互式查找重复文件,进行删除/重命名操作。

相关参考:https://moeclub.org/2017/11/28/500/
https://www.moerats.com/archives/481/
https://www.moerats.com/archives/877/

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